EMEA Regional Overview – 2018 Total Workforce Index™


EMEA Overview

The use of cross border migration is growing across this region following a lull over the past few years amid uncertainty attributed to Britain’s decision to leave the European Union. The United Kingdom and Ireland remain consistent in performance over the past five years. The stability of their labor markets, high English proficiency, flexible regulations and the availability of higher education make these workforces appealing to regional and global employers alike.

Israel and the United Arab Emirates are rising in favor, showing stronger year-over-year performances as their workforces become more capable and more highly skilled.

While Estonia has been inching up in the rankings from a performance standpoint. In just the past 12-18 months investments in workforce development in this market have improved. Increased legislative stability, improved education attainment and higher rankings for the engineering workforce in Estonia have contributed positively to this burgeoning market across many aspects of industry growth.

Top 5 Markets in the EMEA Region

Regional Insights

Average wage, though a great tool comparison, is predominantly driven by the ratio of highly skilled jobs to lower skilled jobs. Markets with a higher volume of highly skilled jobs will average higher wages than markets with a high volume of low skilled jobs. Therefore, not all markets with lowest wage are the lowest for rates for a given skill.

Manufacturing wages are a leading indicator of rising costs as they typically rise before the wages of professional skills. Manufacturing wages are particularly sensitive to inflation and statutory burdens. Therefore, though the cost of manufacturing skills may be much lower than more highly skilled jobs, they are generally the first to reflect the rising cost of wages in a particular market.

Due to increased digitization and automation some markets are showing higher wage increases than others. In particular, those driven by other industry production such as automotive and pharmaceutical. With reference to the automotive industry in the EMEA region, Germany, Spain, France, the United Kingdom, Turkey, Russia and Czechoslovakia display these higher manufacturing wages. With regard to the pharmaceuticals industry, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Ireland and Denmark are impacted by these higher manufacturing wages.

Employment tax is a basic statutory burden that employers need to add to wages when calculating the cost of skills in a workforce market. It is typically the first metric of consideration beyond the wages themselves. Wages largest component of total labor cost. However, taxes are the best indicator for total cost. They are also more representative of the labor cost per market than insurance as insurance appears more standardized, while taxes are unique to each market.



Austria 21               37
Bahrain 8               17
Belarus 20               36
Belgium 31               49
Bulgaria 23               39
Croatia 15               27
Czech Republic 12               22
Denmark 9               18
Estonia 3                 8
Finland 25               41
France 38               67
Germany 7               15
Greece 26               44
Hungary 28               46
Ireland 2                 7
Israel 5               11
Italy 37               64
Kazakhstan 30               48
Latvia 6               14
Lithuania 29               47
Luxembourg 34               59
Morocco 33               57
Netherlands 11               21
Norway 16               28
Poland 32               53
Portugal 14               26
Romania 22               38
Russia 40               71
Serbia 17               30
Slovakia 24               40
Slovenia 27               45
South Africa 19               35
Spain 18               32
Sweden 10               20
Switzerland 13               25
Tunisia 39               69
Turkey 35               60
Ukraine 36               63
United Arab Emirates 4                 9
United Kingdom 1                 5

For more information, interactive charts and to download the full Total Workforce Index™ visit the Total Workforce Index™ microsite from the link below.

Total Workforce Index™